当前位置:中文资讯平台首页>十八大特邀代表>齐国的末代国君是

索命记忆 豆瓣

书名:国庆五黑大作战|作者:笑无语|本书类别:古言|更新时间:03:41:42|字数:3896字

????本文来自微信公众号:侠客岛(ID:xiake_island),作者:木舟子,标题图来自视觉中国,
,消息大家都已知晓:“南船”中船集团、“北船”中船重工要合并了。,
,两家船业巨头,8家上市公司,38家科研院所,超过8000亿元的资产规模,在分离20年之后,终于“重修旧好”。,
,好事既成,不少业内人士欢欣鼓舞:二者合并之日,便是‘中国神船’诞生之时。,
,业外人士则不免迷惑:企业合并而已,何来“神船”之说?,
,要弄清楚这件事,还得从一段陈年旧事说起。,
,,
,缘起,
,别看南北船现在各自为政,20年前他们可是一家。,
,1999年7月,成立于1982年的中国船舶工业总公司一分为二,分成了中国船舶工业集团公司(中船集团)和中国船舶重工集团公司(中船重工)。,
,分拆后的二十年间,中船集团、中船重工并行发展,双双成为行业龙头。主营业务有所重合,细分领域却有不同。“北船”中船重工,偏军工生产,侧重船舶设计与配套;“南船”中船集团,民品居多,侧重船舶制造。,
,即便如此,多年来,二者在业务重合领域,仍有诸多竞争。,
,比如,“北船”旗下的中国重工与“南船”旗下的中国船舶,同为军用舰船与民用船舶总装上市平台,各条产品线上难免磕碰。,
,又如,“北船”旗下的中国海防与“南船”旗下的中船科技,同为船舶配套设备上市平台,在水声探测领域也“狭路相逢”了不少次。,
,从如是意义上讲,合并后的优势就十分明显:正如多位军工领域分析师所说,南北两船的合并,能使双方在研发、制造和配套上优势互补,还能避免低效的同业竞争、造成产能浪费,一举两得。,
,仍不能想象协同发展的力量有多大?,
,嗯,从科研和资产规模上说,北船拥有5家上市公司、28家科研院所,2018年总资产5037亿元、总营收3050亿元,位居全球船舶企业首位。,
,南船呢,3家上市公司、10家科研院所妥妥在手,兼及总资产3013亿元、总营收1144亿元的“2018成绩单”——此番合并,不可不谓巨人并肩。,
,而在制造环节,南船可设计、建造符合世界上任何一家船级社规范、满足国际通用技术标准、适航于任一海区的现代船舶。,
,北船作为我国海军装备科研生产的主体力量,承担着航母、核潜艇、水面舰艇、水中兵器等海军武器装备的科研、设计、生产、试验、保障任务——刷新了世界同类作业型载人潜水器下潜深度纪录的 “蛟龙号”,就是其手中经典。,
,一经联合,难怪有人道,一艘在全球船舶产业占据重要角色的中国船业“航母”,要正式起航。,
,,
,筹谋,
,其实这些年来,南北船内部整合、资本运作频繁,两船重组早已渐行渐近。,
,复盘重组历程,两船似已在人事调配、资产重置、资本运作方面,历经长达三年的酝酿。,
,2015年3月, 一个细节被市场人士敏锐察觉——南北船高管对调,这被解读为酝酿合并的最初迹象之一;2015年9月,中共中央、国务院公开发布《关于深化国有企业改革的指导意见》,“重组整合一批”成为一大看点;2016年,南北车正式合体成为中国中车,有了前人打样,南北船重组的消息也越传越密。,
,国资委在2017年回应南北船是否会合并时,时任主任肖亚庆说,“任何情况都有可能发生”。,
,而到了2019年上半年,南北船都不约而同地加快了各自体系内的资本运作。,
,一方面,南船体系按照业务板块,通过资产置换和重组的方式,重整了旗下两个上市公司的资产:一是将船用动力业务,归集到旗下公司中船防务;二是把造船资产,归集到旗下公司中国船舶。,
,另一方面,北船体系也加速推进旗下上市平台的资本运作。这边厢,将中船重工(青岛)轨道交通装备有限公司,注入到上市公司,意在吸纳优质资产;那边厢,通过破产清算,剥离掉旗下的不良资产。一吐一纳,资产质量得到了优化。,
,重重运作,既有主动出击、喜笑颜开;自然也有应势而谋,忧患使然。,
,在行业分析师看来,2008年以后,全球航运需求下滑,船舶制造业的新接订单量发生了大幅收缩,船舶工业已然进入“寒冬”——此后的10多年,为求推陈出新,船舶工业领域大动作不断,开始去产能、兼并重组、破产转型。,
,更有甚者,在2016年,全球船舶市场被指“供大于求”。,
,内有同业竞争,外有市场需求萎靡,如是背景之下,国内造船产业方突围不断、集中度持续提高。,
,2017年和2018年,全国前10家企业造船完工量占全国58.3%、69.8%,分别较前值提高1.4和11.5个百分点,新接订单量占全国73.4%、76.8%,优势企业集中趋势愈加明显。,
,但业界分析也指出,国内前三大船企中船工业集团、中船重工集团与中远海运集团的国内市占率约 60%,相比韩国的90%,仍有提升空间。,
,,
,展望,
,2019年两会期间,时任国资委主任肖亚庆在谈到优化国有资本布局时表示,要积极稳妥推进装备制造、造船领域的战略性重组,持续推动海工设备等领域的专业化整合,不断提高资源的配置效率。,
,战略视野在何?,
,在中国以外,主要船业国度的合并已经先一步发生:比如韩国两大造船企业大宇和现代实施了整合;更早之前,日本造船企业也完成了整合。,
,中国两大造船企业这回的复合,从内部来说是完善自身、形成合力,从外部来说也是市场竞争带来的必然选择——通过重组整合,实力增强,以更好“身手”出现在“国际赛场”。,
,具体来看,南北船合并利好国内民船、军船两领域发展。,
,一方面,南北船重组会减少民船领域国内不必要的竞争以及重复建设问题,从而解除南北船互相抢单压价、对国际竞争力提升造成的制约;同时,在军船方面,由于南北船在军船研制上一直存在着密切合作,合并后将更加利于我国海军装备实力的整体提升。,
,合并之后,还有望达到什么效果?,
,券商分析师认为,拥有28家科研院所、集中了我国船舶系统设计核心能力的北船,将与建造能力更为突出且在民品方面耕耘更深的南船,形成上游设计、中游制造总装、下游核心配套方面的优势互补。,
,值得注意的是,一家专门为解决行业内债务问题以及产能过剩问题的海工装备资产平台,今年4月也已低调完成注册。,
,关注国企改革的财经媒体人李锦认为,这与国资委“推动国有资本投资、运营公司进行组织架构调整、管控模式改革,进一步打造市场化运作专业平台,在国有经济战略性重组和布局结构优化中发挥更大作用”的工作思路不谋而合。,
,当然了,业内人士表示,此次合并,还将为电力、有色金属、钢铁、海工装备、环保等其它行业的重组提供经验与样本。,
,“神船”铸就之时,更多行业的“航母”或也呼之欲出。,
,本文来自微信公众号:侠客岛(ID:xiake_island),作者:木舟子,标题图来自视觉中国

ben wen lai zi wei xin gong zhong hao: xia ke dao ID: xiake_island, zuo zhe: mu zhou zi, biao ti tu lai zi shi jue zhong guo,, xiao xi da jia dou yi zhi xiao:" nan chuan" zhong chuan ji tuan" bei chuan" zhong chuan zhong gong yao he bing le.,, liang jia chuan ye ju tou, 8 jia shang shi gong si, 38 jia ke yan yuan suo, chao guo 8000 yi yuan de zi chan gui mo, zai fen li 20 nian zhi hou, zhong yu" chong xiu jiu hao".,, hao shi ji cheng, bu shao ye nei ren shi huan xin gu wu: er zhe he bing zhi ri, bian shi' zhong guo shen chuan' dan sheng zhi shi.,, ye wai ren shi ze bu mian mi huo: qi ye he bing er yi, he lai" shen chuan" zhi shuo?,, yao nong qing chu zhe jian shi, hai de cong yi duan chen nian jiu shi shuo qi.,,,, yuan qi,, bie kan nan bei chuan xian zai ge zi wei zheng, 20 nian qian ta men ke shi yi jia.,, 1999 nian 7 yue, cheng li yu 1982 nian de zhong guo chuan bo gong ye zong gong si yi fen wei er, fen cheng le zhong guo chuan bo gong ye ji tuan gong si zhong chuan ji tuan he zhong guo chuan bo zhong gong ji tuan gong si zhong chuan zhong gong.,, fen chai hou de er shi nian jian, zhong chuan ji tuan zhong chuan zhong gong bing xing fa zhan, shuang shuang cheng wei hang ye long tou. zhu ying ye wu you suo chong he, xi fen ling yu que you bu tong." bei chuan" zhong chuan zhong gong, pian jun gong sheng chan, ce zhong chuan bo she ji yu pei tao" nan chuan" zhong chuan ji tuan, min pin ju duo, ce zhong chuan bo zhi zao.,, ji bian ru ci, duo nian lai, er zhe zai ye wu chong he ling yu, reng you zhu duo jing zheng.,, bi ru," bei chuan" qi xia de zhong guo zhong gong yu" nan chuan" qi xia de zhong guo chuan bo, tong wei jun yong jian chuan yu min yong chuan bo zong zhuang shang shi ping tai, ge tiao chan pin xian shang nan mian ke peng.,, you ru," bei chuan" qi xia de zhong guo hai fang yu" nan chuan" qi xia de zhong chuan ke ji, tong wei chuan bo pei tao she bei shang shi ping tai, zai shui sheng tan ce ling yu ye" xia lu xiang feng" liao bu shao ci.,, cong ru shi yi yi shang jiang, he bing hou de you shi jiu shi fen ming xian: zheng ru duo wei jun gong ling yu fen xi shi suo shuo, nan bei liang chuan de he bing, neng shi shuang fang zai yan fa zhi zao he pei tao shang you shi hu bu, hai neng bi mian di xiao de tong ye jing zheng zao cheng chan neng lang fei, yi ju liang de.,, reng bu neng xiang xiang xie tong fa zhan de li liang you duo da?,, en, cong ke yan he zi chan gui mo shang shuo, bei chuan yong you 5 jia shang shi gong si 28 jia ke yan yuan suo, 2018 nian zong zi chan 5037 yi yuan zong ying shou 3050 yi yuan, wei ju quan qiu chuan bo qi ye shou wei.,, nan chuan ne, 3 jia shang shi gong si 10 jia ke yan yuan suo tuo tuo zai shou, jian ji zong zi chan 3013 yi yuan zong ying shou 1144 yi yuan de" 2018 cheng ji dan" ci fan he bing, bu ke bu wei ju ren bing jian.,, er zai zhi zao huan jie, nan chuan ke she ji jian zao fu he shi jie shang ren he yi jia chuan ji she gui fan man zu guo ji tong yong ji shu biao zhun shi hang yu ren yi hai qu de xian dai chuan bo.,, bei chuan zuo wei wo guo hai jun zhuang bei ke yan sheng chan de zhu ti li liang, cheng dan zhe hang mu he qian ting shui mian jian ting shui zhong bing qi deng hai jun wu qi zhuang bei de ke yan she ji sheng chan shi yan bao zhang ren wu shua xin le shi jie tong lei zuo ye xing zai ren qian shui qi xia qian shen du ji lu de " jiao long hao", jiu shi qi shou zhong jing dian.,, yi jing lian he, nan guai you ren dao, yi sou zai quan qiu chuan bo chan ye zhan ju zhong yao jue se de zhong guo chuan ye" hang mu", yao zheng shi qi hang.,,,, chou mou,, qi shi zhei xie nian lai, nan bei chuan nei bu zheng he zi ben yun zuo pin fan, liang chuan chong zu zao yi jian xing jian jin.,, fu pan chong zu li cheng, liang chuan shi yi zai ren shi diao pei zi chan zhong zhi zi ben yun zuo fang mian, li jing chang da san nian de yun niang.,, 2015 nian 3 yue, yi ge xi jie bei shi chang ren shi min rui cha jue nan bei chuan gao guan dui diao, zhe bei jie du wei yun niang he bing de zui chu ji xiang zhi yi 2015 nian 9 yue, zhong gong zhong yang guo wu yuan gong kai fa bu guan yu shen hua guo you qi ye gai ge de zhi dao yi jian," chong zu zheng he yi pi" cheng wei yi da kan dian 2016 nian, nan bei che zheng shi he ti cheng wei zhong guo zhong che, you le qian ren da yang, nan bei chuan chong zu de xiao xi ye yue chuan yue mi.,, guo zi wei zai 2017 nian hui ying nan bei chuan shi fou hui he bing shi, shi ren zhu ren xiao ya qing shuo," ren he qing kuang dou you ke neng fa sheng".,, er dao le 2019 nian shang ban nian, nan bei chuan dou bu yue er tong di jia kuai le ge zi ti xi nei de zi ben yun zuo.,, yi fang mian, nan chuan ti xi an zhao ye wu ban kuai, tong guo zi chan zhi huan he chong zu de fang shi, chong zheng le qi xia liang ge shang shi gong si de zi chan: yi shi jiang chuan yong dong li ye wu, gui ji dao qi xia gong si zhong chuan fang wu er shi ba zao chuan zi chan, gui ji dao qi xia gong si zhong guo chuan bo.,, ling yi fang mian, bei chuan ti xi ye jia su tui jin qi xia shang shi ping tai de zi ben yun zuo. zhe bian xiang, jiang zhong chuan zhong gong qing dao gui dao jiao tong zhuang bei you xian gong si, zhu ru dao shang shi gong si, yi zai xi na you zhi zi chan na bian xiang, tong guo po chan qing suan, bo li diao qi xia de bu liang zi chan. yi tu yi na, zi chan zhi liang de dao le you hua.,, chong chong yun zuo, ji you zhu dong chu ji xi xiao yan kai zi ran ye you ying shi er mou, you huan shi ran.,, zai hang ye fen xi shi kan lai, 2008 nian yi hou, quan qiu hang yun xu qiu xia hua, chuan bo zhi zao ye de xin jie ding dan liang fa sheng le da fu shou suo, chuan bo gong ye yi ran jin ru" han dong" ci hou de 10 duo nian, wei qiu tui chen chu xin, chuan bo gong ye ling yu da dong zuo bu duan, kai shi qu chan neng jian bing chong zu po chan zhuan xing.,, geng you shen zhe, zai 2016 nian, quan qiu chuan bo shi chang bei zhi" gong da yu qiu".,, nei you tong ye jing zheng, wai you shi chang xu qiu wei mi, ru shi bei jing zhi xia, guo nei zao chuan chan ye fang tu wei bu duan ji zhong du chi xu ti gao.,, 2017 nian he 2018 nian, quan guo qian 10 jia qi ye zao chuan wan gong liang zhan quan guo 58. 3 69. 8, fen bie jiao qian zhi ti gao 1. 4 he 11. 5 ge bai fen dian, xin jie ding dan liang zhan quan guo 73. 4 76. 8, you shi qi ye ji zhong qu shi yu jia ming xian.,, dan ye jie fen xi ye zhi chu, guo nei qian san da chuan qi zhong chuan gong ye ji tuan zhong chuan zhong gong ji tuan yu zhong yuan hai yun ji tuan de guo nei shi zhan lv yue 60, xiang bi han guo de 90, reng you ti sheng kong jian.,,,, zhan wang,, 2019 nian liang hui qi jian, shi ren guo zi wei zhu ren xiao ya qing zai tan dao you hua guo you zi ben bu ju shi biao shi, yao ji ji wen tuo tui jin zhuang bei zhi zao zao chuan ling yu de zhan lue xing chong zu, chi xu tui dong hai gong she bei deng ling yu de zhuan ye hua zheng he, bu duan ti gao zi yuan de pei zhi xiao lv.,, zhan lue shi ye zai he?,, zai zhong guo yi wai, zhu yao chuan ye guo du de he bing yi jing xian yi bu fa sheng: bi ru han guo liang da zao chuan qi ye da yu he xian dai shi shi le zheng he geng zao zhi qian, ri ben zao chuan qi ye ye wan cheng le zheng he.,, zhong guo liang da zao chuan qi ye zhe hui de fu he, cong nei bu lai shuo shi wan shan zi shen xing cheng he li, cong wai bu lai shuo ye shi shi chang jing zheng dai lai de bi ran xuan ze tong guo chong zu zheng he, shi li zeng qiang, yi geng hao" shen shou" chu xian zai" guo ji sai chang".,, ju ti lai kan, nan bei chuan he bing li hao guo nei min chuan jun chuan liang ling yu fa zhan.,, yi fang mian, nan bei chuan chong zu hui jian shao min chuan ling yu guo nei bu bi yao de jing zheng yi ji chong fu jian she wen ti, cong er jie chu nan bei chuan hu xiang qiang dan ya jia dui guo ji jing zheng li ti sheng zao cheng de zhi yue tong shi, zai jun chuan fang mian, you yu nan bei chuan zai jun chuan yan zhi shang yi zhi cun zai zhe mi qie he zuo, he bing hou jiang geng jia li yu wo guo hai jun zhuang bei shi li de zheng ti ti sheng.,, he bing zhi hou, hai you wang da dao shen me xiao guo?,, quan shang fen xi shi ren wei, yong you 28 jia ke yan yuan suo ji zhong le wo guo chuan bo xi tong she ji he xin neng li de bei chuan, jiang yu jian zao neng li geng wei tu chu qie zai min pin fang mian geng yun geng shen de nan chuan, xing cheng shang you she ji zhong you zhi zao zong zhuang xia you he xin pei tao fang mian di you shi hu bu.,, zhi de zhu yi de shi, yi jia zhuan men wei jie jue hang ye nei zhai wu wen ti yi ji chan neng guo sheng wen ti de hai gong zhuang bei zi chan ping tai, jin nian 4 yue ye yi di diao wan cheng zhu ce.,, guan zhu guo qi gai ge de cai jing mei ti ren li jin ren wei, zhe yu guo zi wei" tui dong guo you zi ben tou zi yun ying gong si jin xing zu zhi jia gou tiao zheng guan kong mo shi gai ge, jin yi bu da zao shi chang hua yun zuo zhuan ye ping tai, zai guo you jing ji zhan lue xing chong zu he bu ju jie gou you hua zhong fa hui geng da zuo yong" de gong zuo si lu bu mou er he.,, dang ran le, ye nei ren shi biao shi, ci ci he bing, hai jiang wei dian li you se jin shu gang tie hai gong zhuang bei huan bao deng qi ta hang ye de chong zu ti gong jing yan yu yang ben.,," shen chuan" zhu jiu zhi shi, geng duo hang ye de" hang mu" huo ye hu zhi yu chu.,, ben wen lai zi wei xin gong zhong hao: xia ke dao ID: xiake_island, zuo zhe: mu zhou zi, biao ti tu lai zi shi jue zhong guo

打赏
神奇推荐位
  • ca1119

    灯盏香客?/?着

    “衡大叔,大家都说三十来岁正是男人如狼似虎的年纪”“所以呢?”“我觉得这句话说得很对...

  • 儿歌天天好心情

    浮梦公子?/?着

    其实这不过是一场由腹黑皇帝和狡黠恶女定下的一个约盟继而引发的一个故事!人人皆道,将军...

  • 本特利汽车

    暮夜寒?/?着

    【种田】+【空间】+【温馨】+【致富】+【虐渣】被炸成灰灰的莫颜重生到了古代,成了正...

  • 飞信手机客户端

    悠然世?/?着

    本书出版名《美人思无邪》,天猫购买地址=a1z10.1-b.w11350767-15...